No, you don’t.
All your designs are stored locally on your iPad and most features are accessible without an internet connection. You only need one if you want to import or export from third-party apps such as iCloud, Google Drive, and Dropbox. Use the Files app on your iPad (iOS 11 and higher) to conveniently access files from your local Shapr3D folder when you export and import.
If you have a Shapr3D account, make sure you log in to your account in the app before going off the grid. You’ll need web access for your account to be authenticated.